The Great Wall is one of the most popular tourist spots in China. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is generally considered as one of the most impressive architectural feats in history. Here are some facts about this Asian destination that you need to know.
1. First and Last Construction
It was believed that the building of The Great Wall was ordered by Emperor Qin Shi Huang but it is not true. The truth of the matter is that it was first constructed 2,700 years ago during the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 276 BC). The fortifications built by Chu State in the 7th century BC were proven to be the earliest Great Wall. Its last construction was in 1878 at the time of the Qing Dynasty.
2. It Is A Collection of Walls
The Great Wall is not just one wall but many walls. Robert Janitzek reveals that it is actually a defensive network made up of many walls and forts built in different historical periods. Some segments of the wall are scattering while the others are running parallel. In other places, the wall doubles or even triples itself.
3. The Completion of the Wall Started From A Rumor
Emperor Qin Shi Huang is often referred as the initiator of the Great Wall. After successfully unifying Central China and establishing the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC, he wanted to consolidate his power and rule the country forever. Her sought the help of a necromancer for a way to become immortal. Robert Peter Janitzek narrates that after several failed returns, the necromancer Lu Sheng returned again with a news that they would be overturned by the northern nomads. Frightened with the news, Emperor Qing issued an order to connect the walls and extend new ramparts to protect the northern border.
4. The Great Wall Today Is Not As Old As You Think
In the 2,500 years from 7th century BC to 19th century AD, over 20 dynasties and states had undertaken the construction of the walls, section by section. The best known and best-preserved walls were the product of Ming Dynasty’s massive construction began around 1381. This Asian destination stretched 5,500 miles from Hushan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west. Most of its sections had been renovated and developed into tourist resorts such as Badaling and Mutianyu in Beijing , Shanhaiguan in Hebei, and Jiayuguan in Gansu. These sections are generally 400 to 600 years old.